Transport and Climate Change 2018: Global Status Report

A recently-released special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change underscores the urgency of reducing emissions significantly and rapidly to achieve the 1.5 degree Celsius scenario (1.5DS) called for in the Paris Agreement, to avoid potentially catastrophic climate impacts by mid-century. The transport sector contributes roughly one quarter of global energy related GHG emissions and one sixth of total emissions and is the fastest growing emissions sector.  Without rapid and ambitious mitigation action, transport emissions could more than double by 2050; thus, it is evident that any path to a 1.5DS must include low carbon transport as a central element. This inaugural edition of the Transport and Climate Change Global Status Report (TCC-GSR) is intended to help ensure that low-carbon transport is a central strategy in climate action at global, regional, national, and sub-national levels. The report describes recent trends in transport demand emissions, illustrates recent policy targets and measures across a number of transport sub-sectors, and sets a baseline from which to demonstrate the potential of transport to make a proportional contribution to the 1.5DS. The TCC-GSR is intended primarily as a resource for policy-makers to raise ambition on climate mitigation and adaptation in sustainable transport plans and programs by countries, cities, states and provinces, and private sector companies; thus, the report provides a central repository on transport and climate change data which can help to support policy-makers in setting transport planning targets. In addition, the report offers trends analyses supported by peer examples to help increase coherence among low carbon transport policies for actors at different levels of government. The TCC-GSR opens with a Key Findings section, which synthesizes report outputs and offers a set of broad trends observed in the past year. Part I of the report consists of a Global Overview comparing current trends in transport and climate change across three dimensions: passenger and freight transport, international aviation and shipping, and global regions with respect to transport demand, transport emissions, and low-carbon transport policy measures. Part II describes recent trends in transport demand and transport emissions and illustrates potential Paris Agreement-compliant mitigation pathways. Part III of describes frameworks for transport and climate change planning through the UNFCCC mitigation and adaptation planning processes, along with low carbon transport policy targets and measures across eight major policy areas, which are illustrated by recent examples from a range of global regions including extensive case studies from the Global South. Part IV describes avenues to scale up and accelerate implementation of low-carbon transport measures, which include financing strategies to achieve transformational change in the transport sector and ongoing stakeholder efforts to support such a transformation at global, regional, national and sub-national levels. While the TCC-GSR offers a snapshot of recent progress on transport and climate change, it is not intended to make policy recommendations, nor does it advocate the use of any particular low carbon transport measure, mode, or technology. Data are drawn from the most recent publicly-available source to populate a set of key indicators, which are to be refined and expanded in the future. As available data are not consistently robust for each of the eight policy areas, the report maintains indicators to highlight existing gaps with the goal to support future data collection efforts. Mode shift and emission reduction impacts for implemented measures in each of the eight policy areas are quantified where possible, data sets are currently limited for most of this policy areas. The eight policy areas described in Part III provide an illustrative subset of transport sub-sectors to complement summaries in the Global Overview, which are to be expanded in future iterations of the TCC-GSR. Future editions of the report are envisioned to have increasing emphasis on quantifying the results of policy targets and measures relative to the baselines established in the current report, and to assess these trends relative to the transport sector emission gap. To accomplish this, the TCC-GSR will seek to establish in-country networks to help compile more current and comprehensive transport data. This report has been made possible through the generous support of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. In addition, the creation of this report has relied upon the largely volunteer efforts of more than 100 individual contributors as special advisors, section authors, strategy team and feedback team members, peer reviewers, among other roles, as gratefully noted in the Acknowledgments section.

Source: SLOCAT

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