THE WORLD BANK
Established in 1944, the WBG is one of the world’s largest sources of funding and knowledge for development solutions. In fiscal year 2014, the WBG committed $65.6 billion in loans, grants, equity investments and guarantees to its members and private businesses, of which $22.2 billion was concessional finance to its poorest members. It is governed by 188 member countries and delivers services out of 120 offices with nearly 15,000 staff located globally. The WBG consists of five specialized institutions: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). IBRD and IDA are commonly known as the World Bank, which is organized into six client-facing Regional Vice-Presidencies, several corporate functions, and –as of July 1, 2014 –has introduced fourteen Global Practices (GPs) as well as five Cross-Cutting Solution Areas (CCSAs) to bring best-in-class knowledge and solutions to regional and country clients.
GLOBAL PRACTICES & CROSS-CUTTING SOLUTIONS AREAS
The 14 GPs are: Agriculture; Education; Energy and Extractives; Environment and Natural Resources; Finance and Markets; Governance; Health, Nutrition and Population; Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management; Poverty; Social Protection and Labor; Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience; Trade and Competitiveness; Transport and ICT; and Water. The 5 CCSAs are: Climate Change; Fragility, Conflict and Violence; Gender; Jobs; and Public-Private Partnerships. The new operating model is part of a broader internal reform aimed at delivering the best of the World Bank Group to our clients, so that together we can achieve the twin goals of (1) ending extreme poverty by 2030, and (2) promote shared prosperity for the bottom 40% of the population in every developing country.
THE “SOCIAL, URBAN, RURAL AND RESILIENCE” (SURR) GLOBAL PRACTICE
Urbanization is occurring at an unprecedented pace. Cities generate 80% of global GDP and are key to job creation and the pursuit of shared prosperity. Yet one billion city residents live in slums today, and by 2030 one billion new migrants will arrive in cities. The absence of secure land tenure underpins deprivation and is a major source of conflict in the urban and rural space. One and a half billion people live in countries affected by repeated cycles of violence. In the absence of services, participative planning and responsive institutions, these trends will result in increased poverty, social exclusion, vulnerability and violence. Finally, avoiding a 4-degree warmer world requires drastically reducing the carbon footprint of cities. Natural hazards are a main source of risk for the poor, and present a serious obstacle to achieving sustainable social and economic development. Disasters affect the poor most severely; measures taken to manage hazards and reduce their impact provide an effective vehicle to make substantial advances in the fight against poverty. Due to accumulation of people and assets in hazardous places, many cities across the world are turning into disaster hotspots. Exposure to cyclones and earthquakes in large cities is projected to rise from 680 million people in 2000 to 1.5 billion people by 2050. Floods in particular are a major hazard as they can have devastating impacts on dwellers in rapidly growing low-and middle-income cities in EAP, particularly the poor and vulnerable groups. In fact, the EAP region also accounts for about 40% of the total number of floods worldwide over the past 30 years. The WBG is in a unique position to support national and sub-national clients to: harness urbanization and enable effective land management in support of both growth and poverty reduction; foster social inclusion of marginalized groups; support the responsiveness and fiscal, financial, and management capacities of local governments –cities, municipalities, and rural districts –to deliver local infrastructure and decentralized services; strengthen resilience and risk management related to natural disasters; reduce conflict and violence; scale-up access to finance for sub-national governments; and reduce the carbon footprint of cities. The WBG brings a combination of lending ($7-8 billion in annual lending to cities), analytical and advisory services (e.g., social inclusion flagship, urbanization reviews, Sendai dialogue on disaster risk reduction), its growing portfolio of reimbursable advisory services, its convening power (e.g., understanding risk and the land conferences), its leveraging capacity (e.g., guarantees and risk mitigation), and its ability to work with the private sector to tackle the challenges at scale and to effect. The SURR GP covers a wide gamut: (i) developing green, inclusive and resilient cities; (ii) addressing the social inclusion of the poor, vulnerable and excluded groups through accountable institutions, and ensuring compliance with social safeguards; (iii) enhancing urban and rural development through supporting and managing the urban-rural transition, assisting local development through developing land tenure, management and information systems; and (iv) assisting in disaster risk management through issues of risk assessment, risk reduction (including flood management, urban drainage, coastal management, and retrofitting of infrastructure), disaster preparedness (including hydromet services, early warning systems, and civil defense), risk financing (including CAT-DDO), and resilient reconstruction (including post-disaster damage and loss assessment). A key responsibility of the GP is to provide professional expertise and operational support to other GPs to implement the WBG social policies (the WB’s safeguard policies and the IFC’s Performance Standards) to deliver sustainable development results that ensure that any adverse impacts of WBG interventions are limited and mitigated. The World Bank Group is committed to achieving diversity in terms of gender, nationality, culture and educational background. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated in the strictest confidence.
REGIONAL AND COUNTRY CONTEXT
The East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region presents a dramatic illustration of the global dynamics, opportunities and risks of the 21st century. After making the fastest progress in growth and poverty reduction of any region around the world in the last fifteen years, some countries in the region –such as Mongolia –are poised to become middle-income, and some are preparing to join the small group of high-income countries. Such a rapid transformation is leading to the largest shift in rural-to-urban population in human history, generating rising inequality within and across countries, leaving individuals and regions behind in the dash for prosperity. Meanwhile, the uncertainty in the advanced economies clouds the prospects for countries across the region which are being forced to adjust to changed growth and development prospects while addressing evolving impacts on macroeconomic stability, employment and poverty. EAP comprises of more than 20 countries, including China, several MICs, LICs, and fragile states (EAP has the second highest number of fragile states amongst all the Bank regions). The Region is characterized by generally rapid growth, both sophisticated and low capacity borrowers, and some highly dynamic sectors. At the same time, EAP countries are faced with weak governance environments. The EAP region is both the fastest urbanizing region in the world, and has the largest urban population. East Asian cities are projected to add 800 million people by 2030. The region has over half (12 out of 23) of the world’s megacities and is expected to increase to 21 out of a global total of 37 by 2025. Urbanization has been beneficial for the East Asia and Pacific Region Over 80% of global economic activity is concentrated in cities, and cities are essential for lifting millions of people out of poverty. Through their density, they make it easier and cheaper to deliver basic public services. According to the recent Global Monitoring Report (GMR), two out of every ten people in the last decade were lifted out of extreme poverty in East Asia and Pacific by the urbanization process alone, much of this driven by China (World Bank and IMF 2013). The region has seen significant decreases in poverty over the past decades and the largest share of the poor still live in rural areas. However, the number of slum dwellers has increased, in part due to migration and in part due to natural population growth. The persistence of slums within cities signals a trend towards urbanization of poverty and raises concerns that the benefits of urban agglomeration have not accrued evenly to all residents in these cities. Slum-dwellers also face disproportionate risk to natural hazards, particularly flooding, largely due to where they can afford to live within cities. Furthermore, with the large number of megacities in the region, metropolitan management also presents a major challenge. Administrative structures are complex spanning multiple jurisdictions which makes planning and decision making very difficult. The Bank’s EAP Urban and DRM portfolio comprises of projects and advisory services for basic service delivery to the poor, slum upgrading, affordable housing, and community empowerment, cultural heritage and tourism, brownfield redevelopment, multi-hazard disaster risk assessment, urban flood risk management, seismic risk reduction, community-based disaster risk reduction, catastrophe risk financing, post-disaster damage and loss assessment, recovery, and reconstruction. The Indonesia Urban Program is one of the largest urban programs within the World Bank and is looking to hire an Urban Analyst to technically support task teams in development and implementation support to urban development. Specifically, the Urban Analyst will support the Urban team in Jakarta on the implementation of the Indonesia Infrastructure Trust Fund focusing on Housing activities, support the National Affordable Housing Program Project, which aims to support the Government of Indonesia through to improve access to housing finance for lower income households. This activity will support the national government to develop housing finance policy through improving the current home improvement assistance program and through a newly developed saving link mortgage assistance to meet pressing low-income housing needs. The Urban Analyst will also support the team in areas of municipal finance, creditworthiness, spatial planning, and strategic investment planning.
Note: If the selected candidate is a current Bank Group staff member with a Regular or Open-Ended appointment, s/he will retain his/her Regular or Open-Ended appointment. All others will be offered a 2 year term appointment.
As a member of the World Bank Group’s East Asia and Pacific Urban team, reporting to the GSU08 Practice Manager, the Urban Analyst is expected to:
• Contribute to day-to-day implementation of activities supported by the Indonesia Infrastructure Trust Fund (INIS-TF), for the National Affordable Housing Program. This includes substantive support on creating and compiling progress reports for the activities, as well as sub-task activity and analytical support to the task manager of these activities.
• Help adapt global good practice in housing finance, urban planning, housing regulations, and municipal finance to the local Indonesian context within Bank projects.
• Provide substantive content to operational engagements, research, presentations, briefing notes, and other analytical support to Task Team Leaders with respect to portions of the sector work program activities for the INIS Housing TF program and the National Affordable Housing Program Project for the project implementation, and supervision.
• Provide data analysis for relevant sections of the Project Appraisal Document (PAD), Project Implementation Status and Results (ISR), and other related project documentation.
• Participate in missions and draft mission preparation and monitoring documents, including (i) Mission Announcement Letters; (ii) Aide Memoires; (iii) Back-to-Office Reports; and (iv) Implementation Status and Results Reports.
• Actively provide support to the Task Team Leaders and the Urban team in Jakarta and participates in the discussions with the Government of Indonesia counterparts.
• Provide support to teams, as needed, on lending operations and trust fund activities managed by the Urban team in Jakarta.
Work implies frequent interaction with the following: Country/Task Team Managers in the Indonesia Country Office, staff and managers within the GP and other units and teams, Government officials, donors, and staff in variety of international and other partner organizations.
• Master’s degree in a relevant field (such as finance or economics) with 2 years of experience or equivalent combination of education and experience.
• Ability to conduct research and analysis on complex, but well defined tasks; articulate issues and recommend solutions.
• Ability to draft components of major reports, working papers, and other World Bank documents.
• Ability to effectively provide professional support to senior staff.
• Prior experience in Indonesia on housing finance and housing policy, and on municipal finance, would be an advantage.
• Advanced computer skills and full proficiency in the use of relevant software applications. Familiarity with software such as GIS, AutoCAD, Google Earth Pro, Stata, etc. is highly desirable.
• Strong communications skills in English, both in oral presentations and in writing sections of papers, briefs, independent reports, etc. Fluency in Bahasa Indonesia is essential.
• Capacity to work simultaneously on a variety of issues and tasks, independently adjusting to priorities and achieving results with agreed objectives and deadlines.
• Strong interpersonal skills and ability to work effectively with internal/external partners and promote collaboration in a multi-cultural environment.
Source: World Bank
This article is culled from daily press coverage from around the world. It is posted on the Urban Gateway by way of keeping all users informed about matters of interest. The opinion expressed in this article is that of the author and in no way reflects the opinion of UN-Habitat.